2014 MPFS Indicator Descriptors

Here is an overview of the layout. Use the key on the following pages to interpret indicators.

MPFS Descriptors

Indicator Descriptor
NOTE – # Service Performed in Facility Setting
NOTE – C Payment for Technical Component is Capped at OPPS Amount
PROCEDURE/MOD CPT/HCPCS code and Modifier (26, TC, 53)
PAR AMOUNT Participating Physician Fee
NON-PAR AMOUNT Non-Participating Physician Fee
LIMITING CHARGE Limiting Charge for Non-Participating Physician

 

Indicator List Descriptors

Indicator Descriptor
PROC CPT/HCPCS code
MOD Modifier (26, TC, 53)
S Status of CPT/HCPCS Code
GLB Global Surgery Package Days
Preop Preoperative Percentage (Modifier 56)
Intraop Intraoperative Percentage (Modifier 54)
Postop Postoperative Percentage (Modifier 55)
P/T Professional/Technical Component Rules (Modifiers 26 and TC)
M Multiple Surgery Rules (Modifier 51)
B Bilateral Surgery Rules (Modifier 50)
A Assistant Surgery Rules (Modifier 80)
C Co-Surgeon Rules (Modifier 62)
T Team Surgeon Rules (Modifier 66)
ICI Imaging Cap Indicator
PSDP Physician Supervision of Diagnostic Procedures
ENDO BASE Endoscopy Base Code

 

S – Status

Indicator Descriptor
A Active code. These codes are separately paid under the physician fee schedule if covered. There will be RVUs and payment amounts for codes with this status. The presence of an "A" indicator does not mean that Medicare has made a national coverage determination regarding the service; carriers remain responsible for coverage decisions in the absence of a national Medicare policy.
B Payment for covered services are always bundled into payment for other services not specified. There will be no RVUs or payment amounts for these codes and no separate payment is ever made. When these services are covered, payment for them is subsumed by the payment for the services to which they are incident (an example is a telephone call from a hospital nurse regarding care of a patient).
C Carriers price the code. Carriers will establish RVUs and payment amounts for these services, generally on an individual case basis following review of documentation such as an operative report.
D* Deleted/Discontinued codes.
E Excluded from physician fee schedule by regulation. These codes are for items and/or services that CMS chose to exclude from the fee schedule payment by regulation. No RVUs or payment amounts are shown and no payment may be made under the fee schedule for these codes. Payment for them, when covered, continues under reasonable charge procedures.
F Deleted/discontinued codes. (Code not subject to a 90 day grace period.) These codes are deleted effective with the beginning of the year and are never subject to a grace period. This indicator is no longer effective beginning with the 2005 fee schedule as of January 1, 2005.
G Not valid for Medicare purposes. Medicare uses another code for reporting of, and payment for, these services. (Code subject to a 90 day grace period.) This indicator is no longer effective beginning with the 2005 fee schedule as of January 1, 2005.
H* Deleted modifier. For 2000 and later years, either the TC or PC component shown for the code has been deleted and the deleted component is shown in the data base with the H status.
I Not valid for Medicare purposes. Medicare uses another code for reporting of, and payment for, these services. (Code NOT subject to a 90 day grace period.)
J Anesthesia services (no relative value units or payment amounts for anesthesia codes on the database, only used to facilitate the identification of anesthesia services.)
L Local codes. Carriers will apply this status to all local codes in effect on January 1, 1998 or subsequently approved by central office for use. Carriers will complete the RVUs and payment amounts for these codes.
M Measurement codes, used for reporting purposes only.
N Non-covered service. These codes are carried on the HCPCS tape as noncovered services.
P Bundled/excluded codes. There are no RVUs and no payment amounts for these services. No separate payment is made for them under the fee schedule. If the item or service is covered as incident to a physician service and is provided on the same day as a physician service, payment for it is bundled into the payment for the physician service to which it is incident (an example is an elastic bandage furnished by a physician incident to a physician service). If the item or service is covered as other than incident to a physician service, it is excluded from the fee schedule (for example, colostomy supplies) and is paid under the other payment provision of the Act.
R Restricted coverage. Special coverage instructions apply.
T There are RVUs and payment amounts for these services, but they are only paid if there are no other services payable under the physician fee schedule billed on the same date by the same provider. If any other services payable under the physician fee schedule are billed on the same date by the same provider, these services are bundled into the physician services for which payment is made.
X Statutory exclusion. These codes represent an item or service that is not in the statutory definition of "physician services" for fee schedule payment purposes. No RVUs or payment amounts are shown for these codes and no payment may be made under the physician fee schedule. (Examples are ambulances services and clinical diagnostic laboratory services.)

*Codes with these indicators had a 90 day grace period before January 1, 2005.

GLB – Global Surgery Package Days

Indicator Descriptor
000 Endoscopic or minor procedure with related preoperative and postoperative relative values on the day of the procedure only included in the fee schedule payment amount; evaluation and management services on the day of the procedure generally not payable.
010 Minor procedure with preoperative relative values on the day of the procedure and postoperative relative values during a 10-day postoperative period included in the fee schedule amount; evaluation and management services on the day of the procedure and during this 10-day postoperative period generally not payable.
090 Major surgery with a 1-day preoperative period and 90-day postoperative period included in the fee schedule payment amount.
MMM Maternity codes; usual global period does not apply.
XXX Global concept does not apply.
YYY Carrier determines whether global concept applies and establishes postoperative period, if appropriate, at time of pricing.
ZZZ Code related to another service and is always included in global period of other service. (Note:Physician work is associated with intra-service time and in some instances post service time.)

 

Preop – Preoperative percentage (Modifier 56)

Percentage (in decimal format) for preoperative portion of global package. For example, 10 percent will be shown as 010000.

Intraop – Intraoperative percentage (Modifier 54)

Percentage (in decimal format) for intraoperative portion of the global package including postoperative work in the hospital. For example, 63 percent will be shown as 063000.

Postop – Postoperative percentage (Modifier 55)

Percentage (in decimal format) for postoperative portion of the global package that is provided in the office after discharge from the hospital. For example, 17 percent will be shown as 017000.

P/T – Professional/Technical Component (Modifiers 26 and TC)

Indicator Descriptor
0 Physician service codes: Concept of PC/TC does not apply since physician services cannot be split into professional and technical components. Modifiers 26 and TC cannot be used.
1 Diagnostic tests/radiology services. These codes generally have both a professional and technical component. Modifiers 26 and TC can be used with these codes.
2 Professional component only codes. Modifiers 26 and TC cannot be used.
3 Technical component only codes. Modifiers 26 and TC cannot be used. No payment can be made for inpatients or outpatients.
4 Global test only codes. Modifiers 26 and TC cannot be used.
5 "Incident to" codes. Modifiers 26 and TC cannot be used.
6 Laboratory physician interpretation codes. Modifier 26 can be used. Modifier TC cannot be used.
7 Physician therapy service. Payment may not be made if the service is provided to either a hospital outpatient or inpatient by an independently practicing physical or occupational therapist.
8 Physician interpretation codes. Identifies PC of clinical laboratory codes for which separate payment may be made only if physician interprets an abnormal smear for hospital inpatient. Applies only to code 85060. No TC billing is recognized because payment for underlying clinical laboratory test is made to hospital, generally through the PPS rate. No payment is recognized for code 85060 furnished to hospital outpatients or non-hospital patients. Physician interpretation is paid through clinical laboratory fee schedule payment for clinical laboratory test.
9 PC/TC concept does not apply.

 

M – Multiple surgery (Modifier 51)

Indicator Descriptor
0 No payment adjustment rules for multiple procedures apply. If procedure is reported on the same day as another procedure, base payment on the lower of: (a) the actual charge or (b) the fee schedule amount for the procedure.
1 Standard payment adjustment rules in effect before January 1, 1996, for multiple procedures apply. In 1996 MPFSDB, this indicator only applies to codes with procedure status of "D." If procedure is reported on same day as another procedure with indicator of 1, 2, or 3, rank procedures by fee schedule amount and apply appropriate reduction to this code (100%, 50%, 25%, 25%, 25%, and by report). Base payment on the lower of: (a) actual charge or (b) fee schedule amount reduced by appropriate percentage.
2 Multiple surgery rules apply. If procedure is reported on same day as another procedure with an indicator of 1, 2, or 3, rank procedures by fee schedule amount and apply appropriate reduction to this code (100%, 50%, 50%, and by report). Base payment on lower of: (a) actual charge or (b) fee schedule amount reduced by appropriate percentage.
3 Special endoscopy rules apply if billed with another endoscopy in same family. Apply the multiple endoscopy rules to a family before ranking the family with other procedures performed on the same day (for example, if multiple endoscopies in the same family are reported on the same day as endoscopies in another family or on the same day as a non-endoscopic procedure). If an endoscopic procedure is reported with only its base procedure, do not pay separately for the base procedure. Payment for the base procedure is included in the payment for the other endoscopy.
4 Multiple TC components subject to 50% reduction for dates of service (DOS) on and after July 1, 2010.
5 Subject to 20% reduction of the practice expense component for certain therapy services for services January 1, 2011 and after.
6 Subject to 25% reduction for subsequent TC services furnished by same physician (or by multiple physicians in same group practice, i.e., same Group NPI) to same patient on same day.
7 Subject to 20% reduction for subsequent TC services furnished by same physician (or by multiple physicians in same group practice, i.e., same Group NPI) to same patient on same day.
9 Multiple surgery concept does not apply.

 

B – Bilateral surgery (Modifier 50)

Indicator Descriptor
0 Bilateral surgery rules do not apply. Do not use modifier 50.
1 Bilateral surgery rules apply (150%). Use modifier 50 if bilateral. Units = 1.
2 Bilateral surgery rules do not apply. Already priced as bilateral. Do not use modifier 50, RT or LT. Units = 1.
3 Bilateral surgery rules do not apply. Do not use modifier 50. Units = 1 or 2.
9 Bilateral surgery concept does not apply.

 

A – Assistant surgery (Modifier 80)

Indicator Descriptor
0 Assistant surgeon may be paid if supporting documentation is submitted to establish medical necessity.
1 Statutory payment restriction for assistants at surgery applies to this procedure. Assistant surgeon may not be paid.
2 Payment restriction for assistants at surgery does not apply to this procedure. Assistant surgeon may be paid.
9 Assistant surgeon concept does not apply.

 

C – Co-surgeon (Modifier 62)

Indicator Descriptor
0 Co-surgeon not permitted for this procedure.
1 Co-surgeons may be paid; supporting documentation required to establish medical necessity.
2 Co-surgeons permitted; no documentation required if 2 specialty requirements are met.
9 Co-surgeon concept does not apply.

 

T – Team surgeon (Modifier 66)

Indicator Descriptor
0 Team surgeons not permitted for this procedure.
1 Team surgeons could be paid; supporting documentation required to establish medical necessity of a team; pay by report.
2 Team surgeons permitted; pay by report.
9 Team surgeon concept does not apply.

 

ICI – Imaging Cap Indicator

Indicator Descriptor
1 Subject to OPPS payment cap determination
9 Not subject to OPPS payment cap determination

 

PSDP – Physician Supervision of Diagnostic Procedures

Indicator Descriptor
1 Procedure must be performed under general supervision of a physician.
2 Procedure must be performed under direct supervision of a physician.
3 Procedure must be performed under personal supervision of a physician
4 Physician supervision policy does not apply when procedure is furnished by a qualified, independent psychologist or a clinical psychologist; otherwise must be performed under the general supervision of a physician.
5 Physician supervision policy does not apply when procedure is furnished by a qualified audiologist; otherwise must be performed under direct supervision of a physician.
6 Procedure must be performed by a physician or a physical therapist (PT) who is certified by American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties (ABPTS) as a qualified electrophysiologic clinical specialist and is permitted to provide procedure under State law. Procedure may also be performed by a PT with ABPTS certification without physician supervision.
21 Procedure may be performed by a technician with certification under general supervision of a physician; otherwise must be performed under direct supervision of a physician. Procedure may also be performed by a PT with ABPTS certification without physician supervision.
22 May be performed by a technician with on-line real-time contact with physician.
66 May be performed by a physician or by a physical therapist with ABPTS certification and certification in this specific procedure.
6A Supervision standards for level 66 apply; in addition, PT with ABPTS certification may supervise another PT, but only PT with ABPTS certification may bill.
77 Procedure must be performed by a PT with ABPTS certification (TC & PC) or by a PT without certification under direct supervision of a physician (TC & PC), or by a technician with certification under general supervision of a physician (TC only; PC always physician).
7A Supervision standards for level 77 apply; in addition, PT with ABPTS certification may supervise another PT, but only PT with ABPTS certification may bill.
09 Concept does not apply.

 

Last Updated Jul 15, 2015