End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Documentation Requirements

It is expected that patient's medical records reflect the need for care/services provided. The listing of records is not all inclusive. Providers must ensure all necessary records are submitted to support services rendered. They may include:

Brief Description
Legible handwritten physician and/or clinician signatures
Valid electronic physician and/or clinician signatures
Physician or Non-Physician Practitioner (NPP) order for date of service, if applicable
Laboratory reports pertinent to drugs administered
  • Hemoglobin and Hematocrit
Medication administration records from date of service that include a dose and route given
  • Include clinician name and credentials
  • Nurse notes related to the administration of medication
Dialysis treatment sheets
  • Start and stop times
  • Dialysate rate, volume, flow rate
  • Vital signs
  • Pre-treatment and Post-treatment notes
Records of patient's condition before, during and after this billing period to support medical necessity and reason service was provided
  • Nurses notes
  • Physician progress notes
CMS 2728 (End stage renal disease medical evidence report; Medicare entitlement and/or patient registration)
Itemization of charges
Documentation to support indications and/or criteria as specified in Local Coverage Determinations (LCDs), National Coverage Determinations (NCDs), or coverage article for service(s) billed, if applicable

Multiple CMS contractors are charged with completing reviews of medical records. See Identifying Which Entity Completed a Part A Claim Review for detailed information about each of these contractors.

Documentation Submission

Once a provider compiles all the necessary documentation, it is important to submit them to the appropriate contractor according to the request received. Select the request below to view the appropriate submission instructions.

View the End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) webpage for additional information and resources.

Last Updated May 15 , 2024

Documentation Requirements Disclaimer

The documentation requirements contents/references provided within this section were prepared as educational tools and are not intended to grant rights or impose obligations. Use of these documents are not intended to take the place of either written law or regulations.

The listing of records is not all inclusive. Providers must ensure all necessary records are submitted to support services rendered.

Important that physician intent, physician decision and physician recommendation to provide services derived clearly from the medical record and properly authenticated.

The submission of these records shall not guarantee payment as all applicable coverage requirements must be met.