Drugs, Biologicals and Injections
Hospitals and providers are reminded to ensure that units of drugs or biologicals administered to patients are accurately reported in terms of the dosage/units specified in the complete HCPCS code descriptor. Prior to submitting Medicare claims for drugs or biologicals, it is extremely important to review the complete long descriptors for the applicable HCPCS codes. Providers and hospitals should not bill the units based on the way the drug is packaged, stored or stocked.
- Audit Findings - OIG
- Implantable Infusion Pumps for Chronic Pain
- Outpatient Drugs Administration Orders
- Radium 223 (Xofigo) Invoice Required
Recent OIG audit findings indicate a problem with providers correctly coding the number of units billed with drug and biological charges. Below are examples of drugs and biologicals HCPCS codes, code descriptions and information on units to illustrate and assist in proper billing.
|HCPCS Level II Code||Code Description||Units|
|J0885||Injection, epoetin alfa (for non-ESRD use), 1000 units||1 unit per 1000 units|
|J1745||Injection, infliximab, 10 mg||1 unit per 10 mgs|
|J2805||Injection, sincalide, 5 mcg||1 unit per 5 mcgs|
|J9395||Injection, fulvestrant, 25 mg||1 unit per 25 mgs|
Example 1 – The HCPCS descriptor for the drug code is 10 mg and 700 mgs of the drug was administered to the patient; the units billed should be 70.
Example 2 – The HCPCS descriptor for the drug code is 5 mcg and 5 mcgs of the drug was administered to the patient; the units billed should be 1.
Example 3 – The HCPCs descriptor for the drug code is 25 mg and 250 mgs of the drug was administered to the patient; the units billed should be 10.
Additional findings included the following: Providers are reporting a combination of incorrect units of service and incorrect HCPCS codes. For example, provider treating prostate cancer billed 12 units of service for leuprolide acetate injection (HCPCS J1950, 3.75 milligrams per unit---total 45 mg), which is indicated for the treatment of endometriosis, uterine leiomyoma, and malignant neoplasm's of the breast. However, the provider should have billed 6 units of service for leuprolide acetate injections (HCPCS J9217, 7.5 milligrams per unit---total 45 mg), which is indicated for the treatment of prostate cancer and was the dose actually administered.
Lack of Supporting Documentation
No documentation provided to support that a patient had received the drug service billed.
Incorrect HCPCS Codes
Providers are using incorrect HCPCS codes. For example, provider billed Medicare for 200 units of bevacizumab (HCPCS J9035). However, the provider should have billed for 200 units of azacitidine (HCPCS J9025), the drug actually administered.
Non-covered Use of a Drug
Providers are billing Medicare for the non-covered use of an outpatient drug. For example, provider billed for a drug (plerixafor) administered during a tandem bone-marrow transplant to a beneficiary with multiple myeloma, a service (tandem bone marrow transplant) that Medicare does not consider reasonable and necessary. Medicare does not pay for drugs administered for services not considered reasonable and necessary
Proper coding and billing of claims are necessary for accurate claim processing. Incorrect billing and documentation may result in underpayments or overpayments with subsequent recoupment and/or investigation.
Coverage for outpatient drugs requires that documentation must support that services were properly authenticated or intended by the physician. While a physician order is not required to be signed, the physician must clearly document in the medical record his or her intent that the service or test be performed. Orders are a communication requesting services be completed, and may be signed by:
- Doctor of Medicine (MD)
- Doctor of Osteopathy (DO)
- Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS)
- Doctor of Dental Medicine (DM)
- Doctor of Optometry
- Non Physician Practitioners (NPP), such as Nurse Practitioner (NP) or Physician Assistant (PA)
A Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm D) is not an authorized CMS provider and is unable to write orders for Medicare purposes. While Pharm Ds may act within their state license for functions, they are not considered an authorized CMS billing provider. As such, any orders written or transcribed by a Pharm D need to be cosigned by an authorized provider listed above.
It is important for providers to submit all applicable documentation to substantiate services as billed and support the medical necessity of services rendered.
Refer to the Signature Requirements page for more information on signature requirements.
Noridian requires submission of the invoice price for payment for Radium 223 (Xofigo). This radiopharmaceutical should be billed with A9606 when billing from the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS) on a CMS-1500 Claim Form or electronic equivalent. In the Quantity Billed column (one unit is one microcurie), enter the number of units representing the dose administered in microcuries.
Providers must enter the name of the radiopharmaceutical along with the invoice price in Item 19 of the CMS-1500 Claim Form or the electronic equivalent. Claims without this information will be denied as unprocessable.
The invoice price is the amount the physician's office paid for the drug as indicated on the invoice submitted to the office for the specific drug used for this patient.
Fees for radiopharmaceuticals billed through the MPFS are determined using the methods the contractor used before November 2003, (see CMS Internet Only Manual (IOM), Publication 100-04, Chapter 17, Section 20.1.3 for contractor instructions). Based on that instruction, Noridian uses invoice pricing for this radiopharmaceutical. The CMS may post an Average Wholesale Price (AWP) for use by contractors using other pricing methods.
- Healthcare Common Procedural Coding System (HCPCS) Manual
- CMS IOM, Publication 100-04, Medicare Claims Processing Manual, Chapter 17, Section 20.1.3 and Section 70
- CMS IOM, Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 50
- CMS IOM, Publication 100-03, Medicare National Coverage Determination (NCD) Manual, Chapter 1, Part 4, Section 280.14
- Medicare Learning Network (MLN) MM7097
Last Updated Apr 13, 2017